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Links： Hua Ruijian Orienteering | China Radio and Orienteering Association | IOF | National Department of Sport | All China Sports Federation | Hong Kong Orienteering Association
Hua Ruijian Orienteering Class | What is orienteering?
Maybe you have seen someone running with a map in a park, campus or other places
Have you ever had such doubts?
What are they doing?
The sport they are doing is called orienteering
What is orienteering
Orienteering originated in Sweden. At first it was just a military sport. The two words "orientation" were first used in 1886, meaning: with the help of a map and a compass, to cross an unknown area. After Scandinavia held its first official orienteering race in 1919, it has a history of nearly a hundred years.
Orienteering is to use a detailed and accurate map and a north arrow to visit the points indicated on the map in order, and the one who reaches all the points in the shortest time is the winner. Orienteering is usually carried out in forests, suburbs and urban parks, but can also be carried out on university campuses.
A standard directional route includes a starting point (indicated by a triangle), an end point (indicated by a double circle), and a series of points (indicated by a single circle), which have been numbered on the map.
How to play orienteering
Orienteering is similar to treasure hunting, which is to find designated checkpoints in circles on the map, and return to the end point after checking in.
In addition to physical strength to complete this sport, you must also have the ability to recognize directions, plan routes, and react on the spot. It is an emerging sport that can fully exercise people's physical and intellectual abilities. People of all ages and genders can participate.
The equipment you need
A map: You need to find the checkpoints circled on the map.
A north arrow: the red needle points north to help you identify the direction.
A finger card: record your arrival point and time.
What you need to look for
Point flag: An orange and white point flag indicates the location of the check point.
Electronic card punching device: After reaching the check point, use the finger card to aim at the round hole to punch the card, and the card will be punched successfully when the light flashes or makes a sound.
Know the map
The triangle is the starting point, the circle is the middle point, and the concentric circles are the end points;
Athletes must arrive at the checkpoints on the map in order;
Athletes choose their own route to the point
[Essence of Orienteering]
Must read the picture and identify the direction
Make the best choice between point and point
Independent thinking, quick decision
An aerobic exercise that tests concentration
Classification of Orienteering
There are many forms of orienteering. According to the sport mode, the International Association for Orienteering divides the orienteering project into orienteering, ski orienteering, mountain bike orienteering and trail orienteering. This article mainly discusses orienteering.
【Shun point match】
The point is that the contestant who passes in order in the shortest time is the champion. The so-called order is to go along, if you do not follow the order, the results will be invalid.
There are many checkpoints on the map, and each checkpoint has a corresponding score. Athletes choose the order of punching cards. The higher the score within the specified time, the higher the ranking, the less time the score is the same, the higher the ranking, exceeding the specified time After overtime, points will be deducted and corresponding points will be deducted every minute. Less than one minute is counted as one minute. If the closing time is exceeded, the score will be invalid.
In the relay race, the athletes of each relay team should complete a section of individual routes one by one in a predetermined order. The result of the competition depends on the total time spent by the team.
All team members take the map and set off at the starting point. Each team member of each team must visit the necessary points in order, and visit all the free points on the map through the independent division of labor within the team, so that the player who takes the longest time after reaching the finishing point will score As the result of the team.
The benefits of orienteering
Orienteering, as a competitive sport and recreational sport, has been gradually developed in many fields. It can not only train people to think independently and solve the difficulties encountered independently, but also is a very good quality education project. Orienteering has the characteristics and advantages that other sports do not have. Since the development of orienteering in my country, its development prospects are constantly being liked by people. People are not only attracted by this sport, but people are participating in this sport. Not only can you enjoy the body and mind, but you can also learn more knowledge in the process of participating in the activity.
Orienteering is a mass sport: Orienteering is an affordable mass sport. Participants only need an orientation map and a compass to participate in the competition.
Orienteering is a family sport: Participants can participate in the family as a unit. The family can return to nature, relax, and entertain themselves, at the same time, it can strengthen the relationship between family members and enhance mutual understanding and feelings.
Orienteering is a school sports: by participating in orienteering, students can enhance their ability to analyze and solve problems independently, as well as good logical thinking skills and quick decision-making skills. During the exercise, the students not only exercised their self-analysis ability and thinking ability, but also improved their physical fitness.
Orienteering is a healthy and intelligent sports: it can strengthen the body, cultivate people's ability to think independently, analyze and judge, solve problems and good logical thinking. This sports project can promote the development of all aspects of our body and mind, and enhance people's comprehensive ability. To
Orienteering is an elite group training program: challenging, try to overcome various difficulties, give full play to the team’s spirit of collaboration and competition, and achieve the team’s goals with the highest effectiveness. Participating in orienteering must have a strong sense of teamwork, so that we can get a higher sense of accomplishment when participating in activities; at the same time, participating in orienteering can also cultivate and form the spirit of teamwork.